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國際刑警組織就郭文貴被紅通回復VOA

中共官方證實,近日連續爆料中共高層複雜關係及領導人家族涉嫌斂財內幕的富商郭文貴受到國際刑警組織“紅色通報”。美國之音就此事諮詢了國際刑警組織。

該組織4月19日回復指出,紅色通報不是國際逮捕令,而是應成員國根據有效的國家逮捕令提出的請求而由總秘書處發布的臨時逮捕一個人等候引渡的請求,其所有權歸提出請求的成員國。

國際刑警組織官網通緝名單上目前查不到Guo Wengui或Miles Kwok(郭文貴的姓名中文或英文拼寫)。郭文貴19日在接受美國之音中文部一個多小時的直播專訪中表示,北京通過國際刑警組織發布逮捕他的紅色通報是出於政治動機,目的在於阻止這次專訪。

以下是國際刑警組織新聞辦公室回復美國之音的電郵譯文。

(保密級別:國際刑警組織僅限官方用途)

親愛的先生/女士,

國際刑警組織190個成員國的任何一國警方與里昂總秘書處分享調查和逃犯相關信息時,該信息所有權仍然屬於該成員國。因此,國際刑警組織不會就特定情況或個人發表意見,除非在特殊情況下,經有關成員國批准。

關於你就這個人(指郭文貴)提出的諮詢要求,我們建議你聯繫你認為可能進行調查的國家當局。

如果國際刑警組織接到就一項逮捕令發出紅色通報的請求,經過審查以確保該請求符合我們的規則和條例之後,這一信息將發送給我們所有的190個成員國。

除此之外,成員國可以選擇在國際刑警組織網站http://www.interpol.int/Wanted-Persons上發布“紅色通報”的簡略版本。

如果沒有發布紅色通報,這是因為沒有提出請求或發出針對該人的紅色通報,或者因為請求國要求不公布。

紅色通報是應成員國根據有效的國家逮捕令提出的請求而由總秘書處發布的臨時逮捕一個人等候引渡的請求。這不是國際逮捕令。

有關個人受到國家司法機構(或國際刑事法庭,如適用)通緝,國際刑警組織的作用是協助國家警察查明或找出這些人員,以期使其被捕和引渡。

紅色通知僅發給國際刑警組織成員國,條件是提出請求的國家中央當局提供總秘書處要求的所有資料。

國際刑警組織總秘書處不派人員逮捕紅色通報所涉及者。

但是,國際刑警組織的許多成員國卻認為,紅色通報是一項有效的臨時逮捕請求,特別是如果它們通過雙邊引渡條約與請求國相關聯。在根據紅色通報進行逮捕的情況下,這些逮捕行動是由國際刑警組織成員國的國家警察官員實施的。

國際刑警組織不能堅持或強迫任何成員國逮捕紅色通報所涉及的個人。國際刑警組織也不能要求任何成員國應另一成員國請求而採取任何行動。每個國際刑警組織成員國在其境內自行決定賦予紅色通報何種法律價值。

(附原文)

Confidentiality Level: INTERPOL For official use only

Dear Sir/Madam,

If or when police in any of INTERPOL’s190 member countries share information with the General Secretariat in Lyon in relation to investigations and fugitives, this information remains under the ownership of that member country. INTERPOL does not therefore comment on specific cases or individuals except in special circumstances and with approval of the member country concerned.

With regard to your request in relation to this individual, we would advise you to contact the authorities in the country where you believe there may be an investigation ongoing.

If INTERPOL is asked to send out a Red Notice in response to an arrest warrant, following a review to ensure the request conforms with our rules and regulations, the information will be sent out to all our190 member countries.

In addition to this, member countries have the option of having an abridged version of the Red Notice posted on INTERPOL’s website http://www.interpol.int/Wanted-Persons

If no Red Notice is published, this is either because one has not been requested or issued for that person, or the requesting country has asked that it not be publicized.

A Red Notice is a request to provisionally arrest an individual pending extradition issued by the General Secretariat upon the request of a member country based on a valid national arrest warrant. It is not an international arrest warrant.

The individuals concerned are wanted by national jurisdictions(or International Criminal Tribunals, where appropriate) and INTERPOL’s role is to assist national police forces in identifying or locating those individuals with a view to their arrest and extradition.

Red Notices are only issued to INTERPOL member countries if the requesting National Central Bureau(NCB) has provided all the information required by the General Secretariat.

INTERPOL’s General Secretariat does not send officers to arrest individuals who are the subject of a Red Notice.

Many of INTERPOL’s member countries however, consider a Red Notice a valid request for provisional arrest, especially if they are linked to the requesting country via a bilateral extradition treaty. In cases where arrests are made based on a Red Notice, these are made by national police officials in INTERPOL member countries.

INTERPOL cannot insist or compel any member country to arrest an individual who is the subject of a Red Notice. Nor can INTERPOL require any member country to take any action in response to another member country’s request. Each INTERPOL member country decides for itself what legal value to give Red Notice within their borders.

Regards,

Press Office

阿波羅網責任編輯:zhongkang 來源:美國之音 轉載請註明作者、出處並保持完整。

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