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川普「傳承」林肯在Gettysburg發表「百日新政」

距美國大選投票日17天之際,共和黨總統候選人唐納德•川普周六(10月22日)在美東賓夕法尼亞州葛底斯堡發表政策宣講,陳述他若當選,就任百日之內準備用什麼新政來「顛覆舊建制」。

媒體注意到,演講的語氣語調跟之前的競選集會相比嚴肅得多。但內容上除了增加了一些新的細節,主要政策基本上是重複了以前的表述。

「貨幣操縱國」

川普說,如果他當選總統,進駐白宮後將立刻推行他的貿易政策,包括命令財政部長把中國定為貨幣操縱國。

其貿易新政還包括宣布重新談判北美自由貿易協定的計劃,以及撤出跨太平洋合作夥伴協議。

川普稱自己如若當選,上任後將在第一時間規限國會議員的任期,凍結部分聯邦機構的人員招聘,對白宮官員卸任後從事遊說活動增加限制。

他還誓言限制政府的「紅頭文件」,要求每制定一項新規則就必須取消兩項已有規則。

他的「百日新政」還包括取消歐巴馬總統的醫療保險計劃,減稅計劃和移民政策。

川普說,他要對他認為有容易被恐怖主義控制的國家暫停接受移民,並開始遣返2百多萬「犯罪的、非法的移民」,被遣返後重新偷渡到美國的那些人將被投入監獄,要設定最低刑期。

「個個在撒謊」

他的競選班子稱這是川普迄今為止最重要的講話,包括提出新的政策。但媒體注意到,在重大政策上基本是複述,只是添了一些新的細節。

川普的葛底斯堡演講中的新內容包括停止向聯合國氣候變化項目交費,省下的資金用於美國國內基礎設施建設和更新。

不過,就在嚴肅的政策宣講過程中,川普又插入了對對手的抨擊。

他在這次演講中首次表示,大選結束後將起訴每一個指控他性騷擾的女性,稱她們站出來破壞他競選時「個個都在撒謊」。

他還要起訴那些他認為是受了民主黨全國委員會和民主黨總統候選人希拉蕊柯林頓指使到他的競選集會上「找茬鬧事」的人。

而媒體也編造謊言,極盡所能把他描繪成一個「壞蛋和危險人物」。

如若當選總統,川普誓言將打破媒體行業的壟斷局面,限制媒體行業的大型併購交易。

「傳承」林肯

賓夕法尼亞州歷來是白宮爭奪戰的主戰場之一。美國第16任總統林肯1863年11月9日在葛底斯堡國家公墓發表了被後人引用最多的演說。

希拉蕊•柯林頓和副總統競選搭檔蒂姆•凱恩同一天也在賓夕法尼亞州亮相。

川普說,之所以選擇在這個地方發表他迄今為止最重要的演講,就是希望由此凸顯他要傳遞訊息,他稱其反建制內涵與當年林肯演講的核心是一脈相承的。

他說,「希拉蕊•柯林頓不是在跟我競爭,而是在跟變化競爭。」

最新民意調查顯示,兩位候選人的支持率差距收窄,但柯林頓仍領先。

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譯文

What follows is my100-day action plan to Make America Great Again. It is a contract between myself and the American voter– and begins with restoring honesty, accountability and change to Washington Therefore, on the first day of my term of office, my administration will immediately pursue the following six measures to clean up the corruption and special interest collusion in Washington, DC:

接下來是我的100天行動計劃。在我就職的第一天,我的政府會立即開始執行6條措施來清除華府的腐敗和特殊利益勾結。

● FIRST, propose a Constitutional Amendment to impose term limits on all members of Congress;

第一,起草一項憲法修正案,規定國會成員的任期有上限 term limits

● SECOND, a hiring freeze on all federal employees to reduce federal workforce through attrition(exempting military, public safety, and public health);

第二,所有政府部門停止招聘新的員工以削減開支(軍隊,公共安全,公共健康部門除外)

● THIRD, a requirement that for every new federal regulation, two existing regulations must be eliminated;

第三,以後每產生一條新的聯邦法規,必須先廢除兩條舊的。

● FOURTH, a5 year-ban on White House and Congressional officials becoming lobbyists after they leave government service;

第四,規定所有白宮與國會官員離職5年之內不能擔任政治說客lobbyist(公司或團體的在政府內部擁有關係、能為公司或團體謀利益的人)。

● FIFTH, a lifetime ban on White House officials lobbying on behalf of a foreign government;

第五,規定所有白宮與國會官員終身不能擔任其他國家政府的政治說客lobbyist。

● SIXTH, a complete ban on foreign lobbyists raising money for American elections.

第六,規定禁止其他國家的說客為美國大選籌款。

On the same day, I will begin taking the following7 actions to protect American workers:

在同一天,我將開始執行以下7條措施來保護美國工人:

FIRST, I will announce my intention to renegotiate NAFTA or withdraw from the deal under Article2205

第一,宣布與NAFTA重新談判、或者按照Article2205文件退出協議。

SECOND, I will announce our withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership

第二,宣布退出環太平洋合作組織 TPP

THIRD, I will direct my Secretary of the Treasury to label China a currency manipulator

第三,讓財政部長標定中國為匯率操縱國

FOURTH, I will direct the Secretary of Commerce and U.S. Trade Representative to identify all foreign trading abuses that unfairly impact American workers and direct them to use every tool under American and international law to end those abuses immediately

第四,讓商業部和美國貿易代表團裁定所有那些對美國工人不公正的非正當的國際貿易舉措,引導美國工人利用美國的國際法來終止這些不正當的貿易。

FIFTH, I will lift the restrictions on the production of$50 trillion dollars』 worth of job- producing American energy reserves, including shale, oil, natural gas and clean coal.

第五,減輕對價值五十萬億美元的美國能源儲備生產活動所採取的限制,包括頁岩,天然氣,清潔煤

SIXTH, lift the Obama-Clinton roadblocks and allow vital energy infrastructure projects, like the Keystone Pipeline, to move forward

第六,減輕歐巴馬和柯林頓對能源基建項目所採取的限制,比如 keystone管道計劃

SEVENTH, cancel billions in payments to U.N. climate change programs and use the money to fix America’s water and environmental infrastructure

第七,撤銷對聯合國氣候變化項目的高達十億美元的資助,並將這筆資金用於修復美國水資源和環境基礎建設。

Additionally, on the first day, I will take the following five actions to restore security and the constitutional rule of law:

另外,在第一天我還會採取5項措施來恢復安保和保障憲法:

FIRST, cancel every unconstitutional executive action, memorandum and order issued by President Obama

第一,取消所有歐巴馬發出的違憲的決策(?)、備忘錄和法令(order?)

SECOND, begin the process of selecting a replacement for Justice Scalia from one of the20 judges on my list, who will uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States

第二,開始大法官篩選程序、從20個我選出的法官中選出一位Scalia大法官的替代者。該替代者會維護和保障美國憲法。

THIRD, cancel all federal funding to Sanctuary Cities

第三,取消所有對 Santuary Cities看守所城市的聯邦資助

FOURTH, begin removing the more than2 million criminal illegal immigrants from the country and cancel visas to foreign countries that won’t take them back

第四,開始遣返大於兩百萬的非法移民罪犯。倘若對方國家不願意接收,則取消對方國家的簽證。

FIFTH, suspend immigration from terror-prone regions where vetting cannot safely occur. All vetting of people coming into our country will be considered extreme vetting.

第五,暫停從 terror-prone有恐怖主義傾向的、且移民審查失效的國家接受移民。所有來美國的移民必須接受極端審查 extreme vetting。

Next, I will work with Congress to introduce the following broader legislative measures and fight for their passage within the first100 days of my Administration:

接下來,我會和國會一起採取下面這個更廣泛的立法措施,並確保其在我上任100天內通過(國會表決)。

1. Middle Class Tax Relief And Simplification Act. An economic plan designed to grow the economy4% per year and create at least25 million new jobs through massive tax reduction and simplification, in combination with trade reform, regulatory relief, and lifting the restrictions on American energy.

第一,中產階級稅務減輕和簡化法案。這是一項旨在通過減稅和簡化稅法使得GDP增速達到4%、產生兩千五百萬個新工作的經濟計劃。同時與之配套的還會有貿易改革、寬鬆法規relief和減輕美國能源限制等舉措

The largest tax reductions are for the class. A middle-class family with2 children will get a35% tax cut. The current number of brackets will be reduced from7 to3, and tax forms will likewise be greatly simplified.

中產將得到最大的稅務減免。一個2孩的中產家庭會有35%的稅務減免。目前的稅務種類bucket?會從7種減少到3種,稅表也會相應簡化。

The business rate will be lowered from35 to15 percent, and the trillions of dollars of American corporate money overseas can now be brought back at a10 percent rate.

商業稅率會從35減少到15,數以萬億美元的美國企業海外資金會以10%的速度回流。

2. End The Offshoring Act. Establishes tariffs to discourage companies from laying off their workers in order to relocate in other countries and ship their products back to the U.S. tax-free.

第二,停止離岸 offshoring法案。通過設立關稅來抑制公司一些全球化的行為,比如將總部設立到海外、產品返運回美國時避稅並且解僱美國本土工人。

3. American Energy& Infrastructure Act. Leverages public-private partnerships, and private investments through tax incentives, to spur$1 trillion in infrastructure investment over10 years. It is revenue neutral.

第三,美國能源與基建法案。通過稅率優惠來爭取私營貸款,從而進行一項為期10年的1萬億的基建投資。該項目可以確保收支平衡。

4. School Choice And Education Opportunity Act. Redirects education dollars to gives parents the right to send their kid to the public, private, charter, magnet, religious or home school of their choice. Ends common core, brings education supervision to local communities. It expands vocational and technical education,and make2 and4-year college more affordable.

第四,學校選擇與教育機會法案。重新定向教育資金,從而使父母能有權利選擇送他們的孩子去公立、私立、教會、磁校、宗教或者家庭學校。取消 common core(The Common Core State Standards Initiative,是給全美所有都統一執行的從一年級到十二年級的教學質量評判標準,主要是英語和數學。川普這裡想讓每個地方政府自己決標准,以便照顧地區差異性,而不要全國統一用一樣的。),將教育監督的權利還給當地社區。這項法案會拓展職業教育和技能教育,並使2年制和4年制的大學更便宜。

5. Repeal and Replace Obamacare Act. Fully repeals Obamacare and replaces it with Health Savings Accounts, the ability to purchase health insurance across state lines, and lets states manage Medicaid funds. Reforms will also include cutting the red tape at the FDA: there are over4,000 drugs awaiting approval, and we especially want to speed the approval of life-saving medications.

第五,撤銷和替換歐巴馬醫保 Obamacare法案。完全撤銷歐巴馬醫保,用一項健康儲蓄帳戶 Health Savings Accounts替換。新的法案會讓普通人有能力在各個州購買健康保險,並讓各個州管理Medicaid基金。改革同樣包括精簡FDA的新藥批准流程。目前有4000中藥物正在等待批准,我們特別希望能加速這一過程。

6. Affordable Childcare and Eldercare Act. Allows Americans to deduct childcare and elder care from their taxes, incentivizes employers to provide on-side childcare services, and creates tax-free Dependent Care Savings Accounts for both young and elderly dependents, with matching contributions for low-income families.

第六,可負擔的兒童保障和老年人保障法案。兒童保障和老年人保障將可用於抵稅,從而鼓勵員工提供on-side?兒童保障服務。同時設立免稅的、針對年輕和年邁的受扶養人的保障儲蓄帳戶Dependent Care Savings Accounts。

7. End Illegal Immigration Act. Fully-funds the construction of a wall on our southern border with the full understanding that the country Mexico will be reimbursing the United States for the full cost of such wall; establishes a2-year mandatory minimum federal prison sentence for illegally re-entering the U.S. after a previous deportation, and a5-year mandatory minimum for illegally re-entering for those with felony convictions, multiple misdemeanor convictions or two or more prior deportations; also reforms visa rules to enhance penalties for overstaying and to ensure open jobs are offered to American workers first.

第七,撤銷非法移民法案。全力資助南部邊境的隔離牆的修建,並確保墨西哥會補償美國的修牆支出。對於再次非法入境美國的,強制至少2年聯邦監獄服刑。對於再次非法入境美國的重罪、多次犯罪、多次遞解出境的罪犯,強制至少5年聯邦監獄服刑。同時改革簽證法規,加重對於超期滯留的處罰,並保證有新的工作機會時,美國工人被首先考慮。

8. Restoring Community Safety Act

. Reduces surging crime, drugs and violence by creating a Task Force On Violent Crime and increasing funding for programs that train and assist local police; increases resources for federal law enforcement agencies and federal prosecutors to dismantle criminal gangs and put violent offenders behind bars.

第八,恢復社區安全法案。

9. Restoring National Security Act. Rebuilds our military by eliminating the defense sequester and expanding military investment; provides Veterans with the ability to receive public VA treatment or attend the private doctor of their choice; protects our vital infrastructure from cyber-attack; establishes new screening procedures for immigration to ensure those who are admitted to our country support our people and our values.

第九,恢復國家安全法案。

10. Clean up Corruption in Washington Act. Enacts new ethics reforms to Drain the Swamp and reduce the corrupting influence of special interests on our politics.

第十, 反貪腐法案。

On November8th, Americans will be voting for this100-day plan to restore prosperity to our economy, security to our communities, and honesty to our government.

在十一月8號,美國人民會為我這100天計劃投票,來重新恢復我們國家經濟繁榮,社區安全和政府誠信。

責任編輯: 楚天  來源:BBC/YOUTUBE 轉載請註明作者、出處並保持完整。

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